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Table 4 Pathophysiological criteria of the pseudoaneurysms treated with coils and their management techniques and outcomes

From: Analysis of outcomes of endovascular embolisation: A cross-sectional two-center study on 46 visceral artery pseudoaneurysms

N Anatomy Morphology Co-Morbidities & risk factors/ Presentation Urgent or elective management Embolisation technique Embolic material Technical success Complications Clinical success Effectiveness of the procedure Target lesion Re-intervention
1 GDA 44.5 mm Saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post percutaneous needle biopsy)/ Abdominal pain Urgent Trapping 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
2 GDA 2.5 mm saccular aneurysm Penetrating duodenal ulcer/ GIT bleeding Urgent Sac packing 2 pushable coils Yes No Yes Yes No
3 GDA 10.5 mm saccular aneurysm Pancreatitis/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Trapping with sac packing 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
4 GDA 26.5 mm saccular aneurysm Penetrating duodenal ulcer/ GIT bleeding Urgent Trapping with occlusion of the collaterals 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
5 IMA 14.5 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post lumbar discectomy)/ GIT bleeding Urgent Trapping 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
6 GDA 15 mm saccular aneurysm Penetrating duodenal ulcer/ GIT bleeding Urgent Trapping 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
7 GDA 15 mm saccular aneurysm Pancreatitis/ Abdominal pain Urgent Trapping 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
8 Pancreaticoduodenal a 3 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post percutaneous needle biopsy)/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Trapping 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
9 IMA 4 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post colonscopic polypectomy) / GIT bleeding Urgent Trapping with sac packing 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
10 Cystic a 7 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post ERCP)/ GIT bleeding and haemobilia Urgent Sac packing Single detachable micro coil Yes Grade 3 (Re-bleeding required re-intervention) No No (Re-filling of the aneurysmal sac on follow up) Yes (Sac packing then inflow occlusion by NBCA)
11 RT RA 3 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post pyelolithotomy)/ Hematuria Urgent Inflow occlusion Single pushable coil Yes No Yes Yes No
12 LT RA 20 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post pyelolithotomy)/ Hematuria Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 pushable coils Yes Grade 2 (Mild post embolisation syndrome) Yes Yes No
13 Pancreaticoduodenal a 27 mm saccular aneurysm Penetrating duodenal ulcer/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
14 SMA 34 mm saccular aneurysm Vasculitis/ Intraabdominal hemorrhage Urgent inflow occlusion 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
15 Pancreaticoduodenal a 19.75 mm saccular aneurysm Penetrating duodenal ulcer/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
16 RT RA 5.5 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post percutaneous needle biopsy)/ Hematuria Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 pushable coils Yes No Yes Yes No
17 RT RA 5 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (post percutaneous needle biopsy)/ Hematuria Urgent Inflow occlusion Single pushable coil Yes No Yes Yes No
18 LT RA 14.1 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post percutaneous needle biopsy)/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 pushable coils Yes No Yes Yes No
19 RT RA 3 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post pyelolithotomy)/ Hematuria Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 pushable coils Yes No Yes Yes No
20 RT RA 3.5 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post percutaneous needle biopsy)/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
21 LT RA 33.5 mm saccular aneurysm Septic emboli/ Abdominal pain Urgent Inflow occlusion 3 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
22 SA 3.5 mm saccular aneurysm Trauma/ Intrabdominal hemorrhage Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 pushable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
23 SMA 2 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post inguinal hernia repair)/ GIT bleeding Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes Grade 4 (Bowel loop ischemia) No Yes No
24 SMA 5 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post colonscopic polypectomy)/ GIT bleeding Urgent Inflow occlusion 3 detachable micro coils Yes Grade 2 (Mild post embolisation syndrome) Yes Yes No
25 SMA 2.2 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post colonscopic polypectomy)/ GIT bleeding Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
26 SMA 3.2 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post colonscopic polypectomy)/ GIT bleeding Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
27 SMA 5.1 mm saccular aneurysm Iatrogenic (Post colonscopic polypectomy)/ GIT bleeding Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
28 IMA 5 mm saccular aneurysm Diverticula / GIT bleeding Urgent Inflow occlusion 2 detachable micro coils Yes No Yes Yes No
  1. GDA gastroduodenal artery, IMA inferior mesenteric artery, RA renal artery, SMA superior mesenteric artery, SA splenic artery