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Table 2 Clinical findings

From: Management and endovascular therapy of ureteroarterial fistulas: experience from a single center and review of the literature

Case Patient Age (years) Sex Underlying disease Treatment of primary disease UAF risk factors Symptoms Vasculopathy
1 1 38 female Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention
2 2 81 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria
3 3 81 female Cervix cancer Wertheim’s procedure Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention Rutherford III severe claudication
4 4 67 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention
5 5 80 male Ormond’s disease Cortisone permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention
6 6 60 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention
7 7 83 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention
8 8 71 male Prostate cancer Active surveillance permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention Rutherford III severe claudication
9 9 61 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention
10 10 58 female Cervix cancer Radiochemotherapy Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention Rutherford V limb ischemia
11 11 86 female Uterus carcinoma Hysterectomy Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention
12 12 76 male Urothel carcinoma Cystectomy Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention
13 13 66 male Sigmoid carcinoma Sigmoid resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention
14 14 69 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention
15 15 71 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention abdominal aortic aneurysm
16 16 67 male Testicular cancer Orchectomy Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, hypovolemic shock, urinary retention peripheral occlusive disease
17 15 71 male Rectal cancer Rectum resection Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, permanent ureteral catheterization flank pain, hematuria, urinary retention abdominal aorticaneurysm
  1. UAF ureteroarterial fistula