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Table 1 Characteristics and procedure details for patients undergoing angiography and embolization for recurrent hemarthrosis of the knee

From: Endovascular management of recurrent hemarthrosis of the knee: a case series

Patient

Age

Gender

Post-TKA

Angiographic findings

Embolic agent

No of vessels embolised

Vessels embolised

Recurrence

Further management

1

82

M

Y

Pseudoaneurysm

Coils × 2

1

ILGA

No

2

78

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

2

SLGA

Yes

Surgery (arthroscopic synovectomy and ablation)

SMGA

3

74

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

1

SLGA

No

4

67

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

1

SMGA

Yes

Repeat embolization

4a

   

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

5

SLGA

No

IMGA

ILGA

MGA

Other

5

22

M

N

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SMGA

No

ILGA

MGA

6

61

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SMGA

No

SLGA

MGA

7

83

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SLGA

No

IMGA

RB ATA

8

84

M

N

Pseudoaneurysm & hypervascularity

Coils × 4

2

SMGA

No

PVA particles

ILGA (pseudoaneurysm)

9

71

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SMGA

Yes

Repeat embolization

SLGA

MGA

9a

   

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

5

SLGA

No

SMGA

MGA

IMGA

RB ATA

10

75

F

Y

Hypervascularity

Gelfoam

2

SMGA

No

MGA

11

76

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

1

SMGA

No

12

71

F

Y

Hypervascularity

Gelfoam

2

SLGA

No

MGA

13

56

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SMGA

Yes

Repeat embolization

SLGA

MGA

13a

   

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SMGA

No

SLGA

ILGA

14

55

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

2

SLGA

No

SMGA

15

78

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

2

SLGA

Yes

Cessation of anti-platelet agent

SMGA

16

81

F

Y

Hypervascularity

Gelfoam

1

ILGA

No

17

54

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

1

SLGA

Yes

Surgery (revision TKA)

18

55

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SLGA

No

SMGA

MGA

19

77

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

SLGA

No

SMGA

MGA

20

64

M

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

2

SLGA

No

MGA

21

62

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

1

SMGA

No

22

67

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

1

MGA

No

23

62

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

2

SLGA

No

SMGA

24

58

M

Y

Hypervascularity

25

60

F

Y

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

2

SGA

Repeat procedure due to vasospasm

ASG

25a

   

Hypervascularity

PVA particles

3

DGA / SMGA

No

 

ASG × 2

  1. SLGA superior lateral geniculate artery, SMGA superior medial geniculate artery, MGA middle geniculate artery, ILGA inferior lateral geniculate artery, IMGA inferior medial geniculate artery, DGA descending geniculate artery, RB ATA recurrent branch of anterior tibial artery, ASG accessory superior geniculate artery
  2. a Additional procedure on same patient