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Table 1 Characteristics and procedure details for patients undergoing angiography and embolization for recurrent hemarthrosis of the knee

From: Endovascular management of recurrent hemarthrosis of the knee: a case series

Patient Age Gender Post-TKA Angiographic findings Embolic agent No of vessels embolised Vessels embolised Recurrence Further management
1 82 M Y Pseudoaneurysm Coils × 2 1 ILGA No
2 78 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 2 SLGA Yes Surgery (arthroscopic synovectomy and ablation)
SMGA
3 74 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 1 SLGA No
4 67 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 1 SMGA Yes Repeat embolization
4a     Hypervascularity PVA particles 5 SLGA No
IMGA
ILGA
MGA
Other
5 22 M N Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SMGA No
ILGA
MGA
6 61 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SMGA No
SLGA
MGA
7 83 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SLGA No
IMGA
RB ATA
8 84 M N Pseudoaneurysm & hypervascularity Coils × 4 2 SMGA No
PVA particles ILGA (pseudoaneurysm)
9 71 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SMGA Yes Repeat embolization
SLGA
MGA
9a     Hypervascularity PVA particles 5 SLGA No
SMGA
MGA
IMGA
RB ATA
10 75 F Y Hypervascularity Gelfoam 2 SMGA No
MGA
11 76 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 1 SMGA No
12 71 F Y Hypervascularity Gelfoam 2 SLGA No
MGA
13 56 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SMGA Yes Repeat embolization
SLGA
MGA
13a     Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SMGA No
SLGA
ILGA
14 55 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 2 SLGA No
SMGA
15 78 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 2 SLGA Yes Cessation of anti-platelet agent
SMGA
16 81 F Y Hypervascularity Gelfoam 1 ILGA No
17 54 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 1 SLGA Yes Surgery (revision TKA)
18 55 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SLGA No
SMGA
MGA
19 77 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 SLGA No
SMGA
MGA
20 64 M Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 2 SLGA No
MGA
21 62 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 1 SMGA No
22 67 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 1 MGA No
23 62 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 2 SLGA No
SMGA
24 58 M Y Hypervascularity
25 60 F Y Hypervascularity PVA particles 2 SGA Repeat procedure due to vasospasm
ASG
25a     Hypervascularity PVA particles 3 DGA / SMGA No  
ASG × 2
  1. SLGA superior lateral geniculate artery, SMGA superior medial geniculate artery, MGA middle geniculate artery, ILGA inferior lateral geniculate artery, IMGA inferior medial geniculate artery, DGA descending geniculate artery, RB ATA recurrent branch of anterior tibial artery, ASG accessory superior geniculate artery
  2. a Additional procedure on same patient