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Table 1 Patient demographics by treatment type

From: Treatment of cephalic arch stenosis in dysfunctional arteriovenous fistulas with paclitaxel-coated versus conventional balloon angioplasty

  Number of subjects (%)  
  Total (n = 91) POBA (n = 65) PCB (n = 26) p-value
Mean Age, years (±sd) 65.3 ± 10.6 64.7 ± 10.4 66.6 ± 11.3 .461
Mean BMI, kg/m2 (±sd) 26.4 ± 5.1 26.1 ± 4.6 27.0 ± 6.3 .532
Gender
 Female 49 (53.8) 36 (55.4) 13 (50.0) .816
 Male 42 (46.2) 29 (44.6) 13 (50.0)
Ethnic Group
 Chinese 62 (68.1) 44 (67.7) 18 (69.2) .552
 Malay 25 (27.5) 19 (29.2) 6 (23.1)
 Indian 4 (4.4) 2 (3.1) 2 (7.7)
Smoker 14 (15.4) 9 (13.8) 5 (19.2) .532
Co-Morbidities (%)
 Hypertension 90 (98.9) 64 (98.5) 26 (100) 1.00
 Hyperlipidemia 77 (84.6) 56 (86.2) 21 (80.8) .532
 Diabetes 67 (73.6) 47 (72.3) 20 (76.9) .851
Nephropathy 57 (62.6) 38 (58.5) 19 (73.1) .288
Retinopathy 36 (39.6) 27 (41.5) 9 (34.6) .709
Neuropathy 12 (13.2) 8 (12.3) 4 (15.4) .737
 Coronary Artery Disease 41 (45.1) 29 (44.6) 12 (46.2) 1.00
 Cerebrovascular Accident 9 (9.9) 5 (7.7) 4 (15.4) .270
 Malignancy 8 (8.8) 4 (6.2) 4 (15.4) .219
 Asthma 3 (3.3) 3 (4.6) 0 .555
Access Side
 Left 61 (67.0) 41 (63.1) 20 (76.9) .307
 Right 30 (33.0) 24 (36.9) 6 (23.1)
Access Type
 Brachiocephalic 86 (94.5) 61 (93.8) 25 (96.2) 1.00
 Radiocephalic 5 (5.5) 4 (6.2) 1 (3.8)
Access Patency
 Recurrent 59 (64.8) 41 (63.1) 18 (69.2) .755
 De novo 32 (35.2) 24 (36.9) 8 (30.8)
Mean Access Age, months (25th, 75th percentile) 62 (35, 145) 52 (36, 144) 71 (28, 171) .857
Medical History
 Statin 73 (80.2) 51 (78.5) 22 (84.6) .708
 Beta Blocker 61 (67.0) 44 (67.7) 17 (65.4) 1.00
 Antiplatelet 60 (65.9) 42 (64.6) 18 (69.2) .861
 Antidiabetic agents 50 (54.9) 37 (56.9) 13 (50.0) .714
 Warfarin 7 (7.7) 3 (4.6) 4 (15.4) .100
  1. POBA Plain Old Balloon Angioplasty, PCB Paclitaxel Coated Balloon