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Table 1 Patients demographics and procedural details

From: Long-term results of super-selective trans-catheter embolization of the vesical arteries for the treatment of intractable bladder haematuria

No
Age (yrs)/Sex
DSA findings Medical history/clinical status Artery embolized Embolic Agent Technical Success Complications Re-interventions Clinical success
1
78 yrs./M
Rt Active extravasation Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Rt Superior vesical Glue Yes No No Yes
2
82 yrs./M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Particles 300–500 μm Yes No No Yes
3
58/M
Hypervascular mass Metastatic osteosarcoma, HS Rt anterior division of IIA Gelfoam Yes No No Yes
4
62/F
Pathologic vascularity Irradiation cystitis, HS Bilateral vesical Particles 300–500 μm
100–300 μm
Yes No No Yes
5
68/M
Pathologic vascularity CA bladder, HTC drop, UNS Bilateral vesical Glue +distal coil Rt IIA Yes No Same day
Bilateral super-selective PVA 300-500 μm
Yes
6
73/F
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Glue Yes YES No Yes
7
61/M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Lt vesical Particles 250 μm Yes No No Yes
8
80/F
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Particles 500–700 μm Yes No No Yes
9
67/M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Glue Yes No No Yes
10
69/F
Pathologic vascularity Irradiation cystitis, HTC drop, HS Rt vesical Glue + Particles 300–500 μm Yes No Recurrence at 35 days. Rt vesical microspheres 300–500 μm Yes
11
70/M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Rt anterior division of IIA Gelfoam Yes No Recurrence at 43 days. Conservative treatment Yes
12
74/F
Hypervascular mass Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Rt vesical Particles 300–500 μm Yes No No Yes
13
65/M
Hypervascular mass Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Particles 500 μm Yes No No Yes
14
78/F
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Particles 600 μm Yes No No Yes
15
75/M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, Previous surgery, HTC drop, HS No IIA catheterization N/A No No N/A No
16
70/F
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Bilateral vesical Glue Yes No No Yes
17
67/M
Lt active extravasation Ca bladder, HTC drop, UNS IIA Posterior division Coil + particles 40 μm Yes Ischemia, MI, death No No
18
81/M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, UNS Bilateral vesical Particles 300–500 μm Yes PES No Yes
19
89/M
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS Lt vesical Glue Yes No No Yes
20
82/F
Pathologic vascularity Ca bladder, HTC drop, HS No IIA catheterization N/A No N/A N/A No
  1. Ca cancer, HTC haematocrit, HS haemodynamically stable, UNS haemodynamically unstable, IIA internal iliac artery, MI myocardial infarction, PES post-embolization syndrome