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Table 1 Demographical data, coagulation data and procedural details

From: Multicenter retrospective study of transcatheter arterial embolisation for life-threatening haemorrhage in patients with uncorrected bleeding diathesis

Pt Gender Age (years) Underlying pathology/anticoagulation Coagulation profile Cause Bleeding vessel Embolization material Sheath size/removed Closure device Rebleeding
1 Female 75 Warfarin INR 2.2; PT 19.2; aPTT: 27.8; PLT: 258 K/μL Spontaneous Lt Subclavian artery branch Pushable microcoils (×2) and 300-500 μm microparticles 6 Fr/same day Angioseal No
2 Male 83 Warfarin INR 2.14; PT 20.3; aPTT: 37.4; PLT: 184 K/μL Trauma Right renal artery branch Gelfoam and pushable microcoils (×3) 6 Fr/same day Perclose No
3 Female 70 Warfarin INR 4.3; PT 41.1; aPTT: 33.1; PLT: 141 K/μL Spontaneous Right inferior epigastric artery Glue 1:3 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
4 Female 82 Giant AML (16 cm) rupture INR 3.5; PT 20.3; aPTT: 37.4; PLT: 184 K/μL Trauma Left renal artery branches Microspheres 300–500 and 500–700 and microcoils (×3) 6 Fr/24 h Starclose No
5 Female 87 Acquired factor VIII deficiency/
LMWH 40 mg twice daily
INR 1.8; PT 21.5; aPTT: 164.1; PLT: 483 K/μL Spontaneous Right deep femoral artery branches Gelfoam 6 Fr/same day Starclose Yes; successfully treated with 3 microcoils and gelfoam
6 Female 23 Congenital hemophilia INR 1.37; PT 14.3; aPTT: 30.5; PLT: 141 K/μL Iatrogenic: post renal biopsy Right renal artery branch Glue (1:1) and pushable microcoil (×1) 6 Fr/same day Angioseal No
7 Female 74 Decompensated cirrhosis: Alk phos 50 U/L; Albumin 12 g/L; total proteins 21 g/L, Bilirubin 22 umol/L INR 1.0; PT 12.1; aPTT: 29.8; PLT: 55 K/μL Iatrogenic: post-liver biopsy Right hepatic artery Microparticles 500-700 μm and gelfoam 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
8 Female 72 Decompensated cirrhosis/gastric varices: Alk phos 67 U/L; Albumin 19 g/L; total proteins 31 g/L, Bilirubin 54 umol/L INR 4.5; PT 46; aPTT: 124.2; PLT: 348 K/μL Spontaneous Left hepatic artery Microparticles 300–500 μm and pushable microcoils (×3) 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
9 Female 68 LMWH 60 mg once daily INR 2.0; PT 26.2; aPTT: 50.7; PLT: 210 K/μL Trauma Right internal iliac artery Pushable microcoils (×9) 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
10 Female 75 LMWH 40 mg twice daily INR 1.2; PT 17.5; aPTT: 121.3; PLT: 176 K/μL Spontaneous DFA branch Pushable microcoils (×2) 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
11 Male 64 Warfarin INR 4.7; PT: 74.1; aPTT: 48.3; PLT: 348 K/μL Spontaneous SMA branch Pushable microcoils (×7) 6 Fr/24 h Angioseal No
12 Female 86 LMWH 40 mg twice daily INR 1.2; PT: 17.0; aPTT: 95.3; PLT: 205 K/μL Spontaneous Left inferior epigastric artery and left deep femoral artery branches Onyx Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH), Microparticles 300-500 μm and pushable microcoils (×5) 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
13 Male 59 Thrombocytopenia INR 1.2; PT: 12.7; aPTT: 36; PLT: 29 K/μL; Spontaneous Left 3rd Lumbar artery Onyx Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) 6 Fr/72 h Angioseal No
14 Male 65 Congenital hemophilia INR 1.1; PT 12.0; aPTT: 29.3; PLT: 152 K/μL Iatrogenic: post-arterial access Right deep femoral artery pseudoaneurysm Glue 1:1 and pushable microcoil (×1) 6 Fr/same day Angioseal No
15 Male 66 Cirrhosis; Alk phos 67 U/L; Albumin 21 g/L; total proteins 63 g/L, Bilirubin 228 umol/L INR 1.7; PT: 20; aPTT: 39.4; PLT: 59 K/μL Spontaneous Left inferior epigastric artery Gelfoam and pushable microcoils (×2) 6 Fr/same day Starclose No
16 Male 82 Decompensated cirrhosis/ jaundice: Alk phos 227 U/L; Albumin 17 g/L; Total protein 44 g/L; AAT 127 U/L; GGT 211 U/L; Bilirubin 217umol/L INR 1.0; PT: 10.6; aPTT: 32.9; PLT: 185 K/μL Spontaneous Left gastric artery Pushable microcoils (×4) 6 Fr/same day Angioseal No
17 Female 69 Cirrhosis:: Alk phos 114 U/L; Albumin 31 g/L; Total protein 54 g/L; AAT 44 U/L; GGT 114 U/L; Bilirubin 24umol/L INR 1.7; PT: 19.3; aPTT: 26.7; PLT: 166 K/μL Spontaneous Right hepatic artery Microparticles 300-500 μm, detachable microcoil (×1), gelfoam 6 Fr/same day Angioseal No
  1. Glue used: N-butyl-2 cyanoacrylate (NBCA)
  2. Microparticles used: Embozene microspheres; CELONOVA and Embosphere® Microspheres; MERIT Medical
  3. Normal laboratory value range: PT: 10–12 s, aPTT: 30–45 s PLT: 150–400 K/μL INR: 0.80–1.5
  4. Compication rate: 5,9% (1/17)
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