Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient demographics, treated lesion characteristics, and embolic material volumes

From: Combined glue embolization and excision for the treatment of venous malformations

Patient No Sex Age (yrs) Previous treatment VM Location(s) Location (SC = subcutaneous, IM = intramuscular, IA = intraarticular, deep non-muscle) Embolic Volume mL (n-BCA + ethiodized oil)
1 M 6 sclerotherapy R pretibial/knee SQ 6
2 M 4 no R knee IM, IA 16
   5   R medial ankle SQ, IM 28
3 M 3 sclerotherapy R pretibial SQ, IA 13
   4   R knee SQ, IA 6
4 M 6 no R pretibial SQ 3
5 M 12 surgery infraumbilical abdominal wall SQ 6
6 F 23 sclerotherapy R piriformis/gluteal IM 7
7 F 9 no R lateral midfoot SQ 2
8 F 2 no R medial midfoot SQ 2
9 F 2 no L (a) anterolateral thigh; (b) knee (a) IM; (b) IA 28
10 F 5 no R anterolateral thigh, knee IM, IA 22
11 F 8 surgery, sclerotherapy R medial hindfoot IM, SQ 3
12 M 5 no L forearm IM 5
13 M 1 no R posterior calf SQ 1
   3   R lateral ankle SQ 2
14 F 13 no R posterior chest wall IM 15
15 F 12 no R subscapular IM 48
16 F 16 no L medial calf SQ 4
17 F 7 sclerotherapy R hamstring IM 12
   8   R lateral calf IM 8
18 M 15 sclerotherapy L biceps IM 30
19 M 10 sclerotherapy L medial calf IM 3
   11   L medial calf IM 8
20 F 9 no L plantar foot, flexor digitorum longus IM 6
21 M 5 no R anterior chest SQ 4
22 F 12 sclerotherapy R lateral hindfoot SQ 7
   13   R lateral hindfoot SQ 4
23 F 17 sclerotherapy, laser L labia majora SQ 6
24 F 5 no R plantar foot IM 6
25 F 14 sclerotherapy R anteromedial pretibial SQ 7
   15   R anterior thigh, suprapatellar SQ 30
26 F 15 sclerotherapy L dorsal foot SQ, IM 3
27 F 17 sclerotherapy L anterior thigh IM 8
28 F 14 no L knee suprapatellar IA 7
29 F 15 no L posterior thigh IM 7
30 F 14 surgery L back lumbar SQ, IM 5
31 M 14 surgery L lateral thigh IM 30
32 F 18 surgery L tibialis anterior IM 1
33 M 22 surgery, sclerotherapy R plantar foot IM 12
34 F 14 no L anteromedial calf SQ 6
35 M 10 sclerotherapy L lateral knee SQ, IA 5
36 F 11 no R fore/midfoot SQ, IM 6
37 M 17 sclerotherapy L vastus medialis IM 14
38 F 13 sclerotherapy R pretibial SQ 11
39 M 5 no L anterolateral thigh/knee IM, IA 48
40 M 21 no L knee IA 33
41 F 19 surgery, sclerotherapy (a) L fem neck; (b) patellofemoral (a) IM; (b) IA 21
42 F 11 no L medial gastrocnemius/Achilles IM, deep - intratendinous 2
43 F 7 sclerotherapy R lateral foot/ankle SQ 13
44 M 11 sclerotherapy L lateral thigh (vastus medialis/intermedius), suprapatellar IM, IA 120
45 F 15 surgery L plantar foot IM 20
46 F 15 no R biceps IM 9
47 F 14 sclerotherapy R calf extensor digitorum longus IM 9
48 F 10 no R infraspinatus IM 13
49 F 23 surgery, sclerotherapy R medial gastrocnemius IM 11
50 F 15 surgery L Achilles deep - intratendinous 3
51 F 7 sclerotherapy R biceps IM 28
52 F 18 sclerotherapy R triceps IM 13
53 M 16 sclerotherapy R elbow SQ 15
54 M 9 no L elbow SQ 18
55 F 22 sclerotherapy R distal thigh/knee IM, IA 47
56 F 19 surgery L plantar foot IM 11
57 F 15 no L lumbar posterolateral abdominal wall SQ, IM, deep - retroperitoneal 59
58 M 25 sclerotherapy L plantar foot IM 35
59 F 11 surgery R plantar hindfoot IM 5
60 M 11 surgery R (a) anterior thigh; (b) lateral knee; (c) gluteal SQ 10
61 M 10 surgery L soleus IM 7
62 F 14 no R medial hindfoot SQ 2
63 F 18 surgery R upper calf IM, SQ 3